There are five regional racing authorities in India:
Kolkota, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad Thoroughbred Racing in India
Racing in India is a legacy of the British Raj. Though it is well documented that the British were always serious in the business of efficiently running the Empire, they invariably found time for sport and recreation, and wherever they went, they created the necessary infrastructure for its pursuit.
In India, it must be remembered, the British presence depended for a very long time on its military strength. The armies of the 18th and 19th centuries were cavalry-oriented and the overwhelming involvement with horses inevitably meant that equine sports like fox-hunting, polo, point-to-point racing and flat-racing were to the fore.
Almost every cantonment in India had a race-course and race-meetings were organised as far back as the 18th century. In fact, the Madras Race Club, which celebrated its bi-centenary in 1978, was founded before the first Derby was run at Epsom.
Calcutta was the centre of British power in the early days of the Raj and, quite naturally, became the leading turf centre. The institution of The Viceroy's Cup at the Hastings Race Course in Calcutta in 1856 gave further impetus to racing and became an event of tremendous prestige. Lord William Beresford, who served on the viceroy's staff, won it with his black gelding Camballo in 1881. Myall King gave him three further successes in the race.
Racing in the early days was conducted with cavalry horses, chargers imported from great Britain and Arabs. As in the formative years of British racing and especially on account of the kind of horses used the majority of the more prestigious events were run over long distances.
In the Victorian era, around the turn of the century, the British Raj was getting more and more Indianised. Indians began to find a place in the administrative, industrial and social environment of the country. It was only a matter of time before the local elite began to take an active interest in racing.
The maharajas were amongst the first to be bitten by the racing-bug and early princely patrons of the Turf included Cooch-Behar, Burdwan, Baroda, Idar, Morvi, Kolhapur, Rajpipla and Mysore. Many of them, as also industrialists like textile tycoon Mathradas Goculdas, extended their interest to the ownership of horses in England.
In the early part of the present century, racing in India received a further boost when two pillars of the British Turf ¡V the Aga Khan and Sir Victor Sassoon extended their patronage to this country. Thoroughbreds began to be imported on a larger scale. The Army too set up its Remount and Breeding stations, using imported stallions for stud purposes, and Thoroughbred breeding in India began to take shape.
From just 40 Thoroughbred foals of indigenous production added to the racing population in 1938, the number rose to 226 by the mid forties. The advent of the Second World War saw a substantial reduction in the broodmare strength in England, and many of the mares so culled ended up in India, leading to an even further increase in the number of foals bred here.
The racing season of 1942-43 marked a watershed in India racing and breeding and heralded the present era. In that season for the first time, the India Classics were run. To begin with, there were only three such events framed the Indian 1000 Guineas, the Indian 2000 Guineas and the India Derby and all were run at Bombay. In the inaugural year, all three were won by the Maharaja Gaekwad of Baroda's grand filly, Princess Beautiful.
The following year, the Indian Oaks and the Indian St. Leger (run initially as the Governor-General's Cup) were added. Indian racing could be said to have come of age. It needs to be mentioned that from their very inception, the India Classics were restricted to horses bred in India.
By the late forties, the involvement of the British in India was on the wane and though the cantonment race-course remained, meetings were no longer conducted on many of them and racing came to be concentrated in the metropolitan cities of newly independent India.
Unfortunately, the misguided notions of conservative politicians threatened the very existence of the Indian Turf as racing was sought to be banned at the time. Better counsels prevailed and by the mid-fifties, racing was once again on a sound footing.
The Royal Western India Turf Club is responsible for racing at Bombay, Pune and Delhi, the Royal Calcutta Turf Club which conducted racing at Calcutta and the South India Turf Club which oversaw racing at Madras, Ootacamund, Mysore, Bangalore and Hyderabad, were the independent racing authorities in India in the early fifties.
Subsequently, the South India Turf Club split into the Madras Race Club conducting racing at Madras and Ootacamund, the Bangalore Turf Club which regulated the meetings at Bangalore and Mysore and the Hyderabad Race Club, which conducted its own racing in the Deccan metropolis of Hyderabad. In the late seventies, the five independent clubs came together to form a loose federation entitled the Turf Authorities of India. The organisation exists as a joint, consultative forum while retaining the independence of jurisdiction of its constituents.
The pattern of the 5 Indian Classics was followed by other turf clubs and brought about the establishment of the Regional Classics. In 1963, the Indian Turf Invitation Cup (2400m) was instituted. Meant for the Classic crop, it was first run at Bombay and then in rotation at Calcutta and Madras. At present, it is run at Bangalore and Hyderabad as well, each centre getting its turn in a 5-year cycle. In 1980, the Sprinters’ Cup (1200m) was added and a year later the Stayer's Cup (3000m). These events, open to all ages, are conducted at the centre whose turn it is to stage the Invitation Cup.
In 1982, a committee was formed by the Turf Authorities of India to go into the pattern of racing and after four years of deliberation, the committee formulated its list of Graded Races. There are, admittedly, several aspects of the pattern which invite critical comment. However, on the positive side, its very establishment represents a welcome start and it is hoped that in due course it will be refined realistically.
Name of Racing Authority: Royal Calcutta Turf Club
Postal Address: Calcutta Race Course, Hastings, Kolkata – 700 022, India
Tel: (91)-33-2248-7170/9502/6352 Fax:(91)-33-2231-6953
Chairman: Gen. Shankar Roychowdhury, PVSM (Retd.)
Mr S Bhattacharyya, Mr S.K Bose, Mr D Khaitan, Mr P C Lall, Mr J N Sapru
Secretary: Mr Boman Parakh
Senior Racing Executive: Mr Anil K Sinha, Senior Manager - Racing & Course & Senior Stipendiary Steward
Chief Financial Officer: Ms Anurita Ghosh
Manager – Handicapping: Mr Amit Chaturvedi
Manager - Course: Mr Sanjeev Thakan
Manager - Veterinary Services: Dr I Banerjee
Senior Manager - Business: Mr. S Dasgupta
|Racing Season:||From 1st May To 30th April|
|Number of Racecourses||1|
|Number of Fixtures||Flat 43|
|Number of Races||Flat 304|
|Number of Runners||Flat 2116|
|Number of Horses in Training||394|
|Number of Trainers||13|
|Number of Jockeys||68|
|Number of Owners||105|
|Name||Classification International / Domestic||Date||Prize Money (RS)||Racecourse|
|1.Calcutta 1000 Guineas,||Grade III||27 Nov.||5,00,000||Kolkata|
|2.Calcutta 2000 Guineas,||Grade II||10 Dec.||5,00,000||“|
|3.Calcutta Oaks,||Grade III||24 Dec.||5,00,000||“|
|4.Calcutta Derby Stakes,||Grade I||8 Jan.||15,00,000||“|
|5.Calcutta St Leger||11 Mar.||2,00,000||“|
|6.Calcutta Gold Cup,||Grade II||17 Dec.||10,00,000||“|
|7.Indian Produce Stakes,||Grade III||1 Jan.||5,00,000||“|
|8.Calcutta Champions’ Sprint Trophy,||Grade III||28 Jan.||3,00,000||“|
|9.Indian Champion Cup,||Grade II||23 Jan.||5,00,000||“|
|10.Queen Elizabeth II Cup,||Grade III||4 Feb.||3,00,000||“|
|11.Calcutta Million||Grade I||18 Feb.||10,00,000||“|
|12.Sprinters' Trophy||1 Jan.||2,00,000||“|
New Year's Day - 1st January
Derby Day - 8th January
Total Prizemoney (Local Currency - Indian Rupee)
Rs. 371,29,000- - Provided by Racing Authorities
Rs 55,38,550 - Provided by Owners in Entry Fees
Rs 57,44,000 - Provided by Sponsors
Average Prizemoney Per Race (Flat) Rs 1,59,249
Exchange Rate to US$: Rs. 44
|Totalisator (Rs)||Bookmaker (Rs)|
Principal Bet Types: Win, Place, Quinella, Tanala, Treble & Jackpot
|Retained by Authority||14.5% (approx.)|
Name of Racing Authority: Royal Western India Turf Club Ltd
Postal Address: Race Course, Mahalakshmi, Mumbai 400 034, India
Tel: (91)22-23071401 Fax: (91)22-23090351
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Chairman: Dr. Cyrus S Poonawalla
Subhash Awate (IPS), Shivlal Daga, Khushroo N Dhunjibhoy, SS Hussain, Vivek Jain, Sunil Jhangiani, Shyam M Ruia, Vijay B Shirke, Dr. Vijaypat Singhania, AP Sinha, Champaklal Zaveri, Masoom Master, Suresh N Talwar, Lt Gen BS Thakhar, JD Virkar (IPS).
Chief Executive: Mr. B.A Engineer (Secretary)
Senior Stipendiary Steward: Mr. Shujaat Hussain
Deputy Secretary: Mr. N H S Mani
Stipendiary Steward: Mr. Riyaz M Khan
Handicapper: Mr. Conrad Pereira
Senior Veterinary Officer: Dr D Swaminathan (B.V. Sc.)
Contact for Overseas Liaison / Information: Mr. B A Engineer
Royal Calcutta Turf Club, Mr Boman Parakh, Secretary & CEO, 11, Russel Street, Kolkota 700 071, Tel: (91)33-291103/4, Fax: (91)33-2454632/2482787;
Royal Western India Turf Club Ltd, Mr B A Engineer, Secretary, Race Course, Mahalaxmi, Mumbai 400 034, Tel: (91)22-23071397/8, Fax: (91)22-23090351;
Madras Race Club, Mr Dharmasenan Ebenezer, Secretary, PB No. 2639, Guindy, Madras 600 032, Tel: (91)44-2351171/2/3, Fax: (91)44-2351553;
Bangalore Turf Club Ltd; Mr S Nirmal Prasad, Secretary, PB No. 5038, Race Course Road, Bangalore 560 001, Tel: (91)80-2262391/2/3, Fax: (91)80-2256995;
|Racing Season:||From July To April|
|Number of Racecourses||2|
|Number of Fixtures||Flat 70|
|Number of Races||Flat 561|
|Number of Runners||Flat 5830|
|Number of Horses in Training||1042|
|Number of Trainers||55 (45 'A' Licence, 10 'B' Licencse)|
|Number of Jockeys||114 (92 'A' Licence, 22 'B' Licence)|
|Number of Owners||600|
|Name||Classification International / Domestic||Approx Date||Prize Money (RS)||Racecourse|
|1.Indian 1000 Guineas||Grade 1||Dec||2791620||Mumbai|
|2.Indian 2000 Guineas||Grade 1||Dec||4153030||Mumbai|
|3.Indian Oaks||Grade 1||Jan||3693560||Mumbai|
|4.Indian Derby||Grade 1||Feb||8395670||Mumbai|
|5.Poonawalla Breeders Multi Million||Grade 1||Feb||6899250||Mumbai|
|6.Indian St Leger||Grade 1||Mar||4529900||Mumbai|
|7.Pune Derby||Grade 1||Oct||2321000||Pune|
Total Prize money (Local Currency - Indian Rupee)
Rs 1,12,276,000 - Provided by Racing Authorities
Rs 28,796,835 - Provided by Owners in Entry Fees
Rs 16,585,000 - Provided by Sponsors Contributions
Average Prize money Per Race (Total) Rs 281,030.
Average Prize money Per Race (Flat) Rs 281,030.
Betting Totalizator: Yes Off Course: Yes
Bookmakers: Yes Off Course: Yes
Total Betting Turnover / Year Tote Rs.819, 639,000. Bookmakers 309,400,000.
On Course Tote Rs. 374,583,000 Bookmakers: Rs. 158,178,000.
Off Course Tote; Rs. 445,056,000 Bookmakers: Rs. 151,222,000.
Principal Bet Types: Win, Place, Jackpot, Super Jackpot, Treble, Forecast, Quinella, Tanala and Second Horse Pool
Betting Deductions - Govt Tax (%): Totes - 10%, Bookmakers - 20%
Other Deductions - Bookmakers 6%
Retained by Authority(%): Win & Place 5% - Pools 30%
Breeding: Total number of Breeding Establishments – 87.
Total number of stallions 106.
Total number of mares 2854.
Total number of thoroughbred births / year 1450 approx
Name of Racing Authority: Madras Race Club
Postal Address: Post Box No. 2639, Guindy, Chennai 600032, India
Tel: (91)44-2351171/2350774 Fax:(91)44-2351553/2350024
Chairman: Dr M A M Ramaswamy
Dr M.A.M Ramaswamy, Mr O.M.SP.L.Al Alagappa Chellias, Mr K Balaram Das, Mr V.S Dhanasekar, Mr K Ganapathy, Dr. Gnani Laksumanan, Dr. Md. Javeed Ghatala, Dr Prathap C. Reddy, Mr R. Ramakrishnan, Mr PT Ram Kumar, Mr S. Rangarajan, Mr M. Vijayakishnan, Mr Pawan Raina I.A.S, Mr S Rajarethinam I.A.S, Mr Shaktikantadas I.A.S, Tmt Susan Mathew I.A.S.
Chief Executive: Mr. Dharmasenan Ebenezer, Secretary and Senior Stipendiary Steward
Senior Veterinary Officer: Dr S.M Karthikeyan
Handicapper: Mr B.K Amanullah Khan
Racing Manager: Mr M. Ramalingam
Deputy Secretary: Mr V R Shrinivaasan
Racing Superintendent: Mr P Badrinath
Assistant Secretary: Mr P Sivasubramanian
Stipendiary Steward: Mr Itath Aman Khan
|Racing Season:||From 1st April 2001 to 31|
|Number of Racecourses||2|
|Number of Fixtures||Madras Races 2001/2002 - 42|
|Udhagamandalam - 29|
|Monsoon Races 2001 - 12|
|Number of Races||Madras Races 2001/2002 - 307|
|Udhagamandalam - 228|
|Madras Monsoon Races - 72|
|Number of Runners||Madras Races 2001/2002 - 479|
|Udhagamandalam - 402|
|Madras Monsoon Races - 134|
|Number of Horses in Training||593|
|Number of Trainers||14|
|Number of Jockeys||50|
|Number of Owners||100|
|1.The Hindu South India 1000 Guineas||Grade 2 (T)||December||600,000||Chennai|
|2.The Sans Craintes 2000 Guineas||Grade 2 (T)||December||600,000||Chennai|
|3.The India Cements South India Oaks||Grade 1 (T)||January||1,000,000||Chennai|
|4.The Chettinad Cement South India Derby||Grade 1 (T)||January||1,200,000||Chennai|
|5.The South India Corporation St. Leger||Grade 2 (T)||February||1,000,000||Chennai|
|6.The Guindy Gold Cup||(T)||November||468,000||Chennai|
|7.The Poonawalla Stud Farms Madras Gold Vase||Grade 3||March||300,000||Chennai|
|8.The Dasmesh and Hargobind Stud Guindy Grand Prix||(T)||March||425,000||Chennai|
|9.The Usha Stud Nilgiris Fillies Trial Stakes||Grade 3 (T)||April||500,000||Udhagamandalam|
|10.The Hindu Nilgiris Colts Trial Stakes||Grade 2 (T)||April||500,000||Udhagamandalam|
|11.The South India Corporation Nilgiris Derby Stakes||Grade 1 (T)||April||1,000,000||Udhagamandalam|
(T) - Terms Race
Total Prizemoney (Local Currency - Indian Rupee)
Rs 3,77,61,0 - Provided by Racing Authorities
Rs 21,77,000 - Provided by Owners in Entry Fees
Rs 71,49,500 - Provided by Sponsors Contributions
Average Prizemoney Per Race (Total) Rs 79,271
Total Betting Turnover / Year 2001/2002
On Course Rs 21,02,06,605 (Totalisators)
Off Course Nil
Principal Bet Types Win, Place, Quinella, Forecast, Tanala, Treble & Jackpot
Betting Deductions -
Betting Tax and Surcharge - Rs 4,44,35,267
Retained by Authority - Rs 4,25,19,662
Other Deductions (Income Tax) - Rs 1,01,46,427
No breeding activity to report.