Publications

How China's Crackdown on Illegal Betting Impacts Global Betting Markets

September 1, 2021

This report examines Mainland China’s crackdown on illegal betting from 2018 to mid-2021, its background, purpose and impact. It is based on official announcements and statistics, 315 Mainland Chinese media articles related to illegal betting, and English-language reports. The report details:

  • Why China is so concerned about illegal betting
  • Insights into the scale of the problem
  • The crackdown’s impact on wider illegal betting in Asia
  • Notable shared characteristics of illegal betting operations
  • Why China’s crackdown is relevant to other jurisdictions

A Report of Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies in Illegal Betting

May 1, 2021

This report explains how and why cryptocurrencies have become increasingly prevalent in illegal betting, and highlights the threats this poses.

A Report of Illegal Betting Growth During the COVID-19 Pandemic

May 1, 2021

This report examines the impact of the pandemic on illegal betting in Asia in 2020 and finds that COVID-19 caused a surge in illegal betting, and has caused disruption and changes in customer behaviour that will continue to be felt even after the pandemic subsides.

Thoroughbred Racing in ARF Jurisdictions: An Economic and Social Impact Assessment

December 24, 2020

This ARF Report quantifies the economic and social impact that the thoroughbred racing and breeding industries had on ARF member jurisdictions across the 2018/19 racing season.

Incorporating data from ARF members, the Report highlights the industry’s impact on member economies, from direct spending to the jobs the industry supports to the substantial tax revenue it provides.

The Report also quantifies the substantial social impact of the industry through the voluntary contributions it makes to the community in excess of its tax contributions. Combining case studies from member jurisdictions with macroeconomic data, the report paints a compelling picture of an industry that contributes positively to society.

Good Practices in Addressing Illegal Betting: A Handbook for Racing and Sports Organisations to Uphold Integrity

October 19, 2020

This Handbook highlights the risks to the integrity of horse racing and other sports from illegal betting-related sports corruption, and provides practical guidance to administrators and other key stakeholders for mitigating against and combatting such corruption.

Practical guidance in the Handbook includes an overview of major issues around illegal betting, how to conduct bet monitoring and betting analysis, intelligence gathering and analysis, how to conduct illegal betting investigations, and how to engage stakeholders to combat illegal betting and related corruption.

Illegal Betting in an Asian Context

December 18, 2018

This paper covers illegal betting markets in six ARF jurisdictions. Although these jurisdictions are different in many ways, key commonalities were found in relation to illegal betting:

  • it funds organised crime,
  • it harms society directly and indirectly, and
  • it is a threat to sporting integrity.

This paper provides insights into the scale and nature of these negative impacts.